I stand before the masters who witnessed the genesis,who were the authors of their own forms,who walked the dark,circuitous passages of their own becoming..I stand before the masters who witnessed the transformation of the body of a man into the body,who were witnesses to resurrection when the corpse of OSIRIS entered the mountain and the soul of OSIRIS walked out shining..when he came forth from death,a shining thing,his face white with heat..I stand before the masters who know the histories of the dead,who decide which tales to hear again,who judge the books of lives as either full or empty,who are themselves authors of truth.And they are OSIRIS and ISIS,the divine intelligences.And when the story is written and the soul of a man is perfected,with a shout they lift him into heaven..) GODS - GODDESSES
THE ENNEAD: Ra, Geb, Nut, Shu, Tefnut, Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephythys.
These nine gods were the foremost deities of the Egyptian pantheon. They were the close family of Ra, the sun god, and formed a sort of protective dynasty about him. They were also called Great Ennead of Heliopolis. That city was for a long time the religious capital of Egypt. It was the city sacred to Ra.
The first God was Ptah who ruled for 9,000 years.
Ra the Sun God, ruled for about 1,000 years.
Shu followed him ruling 700 years.
Geb follwed him ruling 500 years.
Osiris ruled 450 before his evil brother Seth killed and
Seth ruled for 350 until Osirus' son Horus could do battle
with him. These battles are chronocled in Egypt's history.
Horus managed to managed to wrestle the throne from Seth.
There was a pantheon of extraterrestrails Gods who tried
to decide who should take over the Egyptian rule. They chose
Horus who ruled for 300 years. Those 7 Gods, ruled a total
of 12,300 years.
AMMON Also AMON; AMMON; AMUN; AMEN "Hidden."
King of the gods of Egypt. Patron of the Pharoahs. Originally a god of fertility, a local deity of Memphis. Ammon became linked with the sun god Ra through the royal family, becoming Ammon-Ra.
The jackal-headed god. Anubis can foresee a mortal's destiny and is associated with magic and divination. Anubis supervises the weighing of the soul when the departed are brought to the hall of the dead.
The Assyro-Babylonian goddess Ishtar, inducted into the Egyptian pantheon and made a daughter of Ammon-Ra. Sometimes identified (or confused, which is the same thing) with Isis.
The first of the gods, the self-created. By sheer will, Atum formed himself out of the stagnant waters of Nun. Atum was bisexual and was sometimes called "the great He-She." The Egyptians had two cosmogonies, one taught by the priests at Heliopolis and the other by the priests at Memphis. The priests at Memphis taught that Nun and Atum, together with Atum's children Shu and Tefnut, were aspects or forms of Ptah.
BAST - BASTE
The cat-headed goddess, a local deity of the delta. The kindly goddess of joy, music and dancing. Cats were sacred to Bast as a symbol of animal passion. Bast's devotees celebrated their lady with processions of flower-laden barges and orgiastic ceremonies. Her festivals were licentious and quite popular.
A sky goddess, sometimes represented as a woman with cow's horns between which hangs a solar disc, sometimes portrayed as a cow. Hathor concerns herself with beauty, love and marriage, and watches over women giving birth. Mother and wife of Ra. Hathor is also a goddess of death and offers comfort to the newly dead as they pass into the after-world.
The falcon-headed god. A complex deity with many aspects. Some of them are: Horus the Elder, a sky god whose eyes are the sun and the moon, continually at war with Set, the god of evil; Horus of the Horizon, symbolized by the rising and setting sun; Horus the Child, whose frequent depiction as a baby at the breast of his mother Isis influenced Christian images of the Madonna and the Christ child; Horus, son of Isis, avenger of Osiris. .
Daughter of Nut and Geb. Wife and sister of Osiris (the ancients had nothing against divine incest). The ideal wife and mother. Generally a goddess of the home and person rather than of the temple and the priest. After the twenty sixth dynasty, Isis is increasingly portrayed as a nursing mother, and her cult eventually spread throughout the Roman empire. Her husband/brother was Osiris who was slain by their brother Set. She had his dismembered remains restored. Their son was Horus.
Goddess of truth and justice. Her symbol is the feather. Wife of Thoth.
A god of fertility and sexual potency. An ancient god of pre-dynastic origins. His symbol is the thunderbolt. As orgiastic festivals were held in his honor, Min was quite a popular god.
God of the primal waters. Nun was a mass of stagnant water which filled all the universe.
At first the god of corn; later the god of the dead. Osiris brought civilization to the Egyptians, teaching them the uses of corn and wine, weaving, sculpture, religion, music and law. Set slew Osiris and dismembered the body; but Osiris' consort, Isis, reassembled the body and brought Osiris back to life. Osiris then retired to the underworld. Osiris is the god of the Nile which rises and falls every year; the god of corn and the vine, which flourish, die, and flourish once more; and the god of the rising and setting sun.
In a famous myth he was slain by his evil brother Set, but his death was avenged by his son Horus. The parts of his body were scattered. His wife Isis found the parts and restored him to life.
The artificer. The creator god. According to the priests of Memphis, the ancient capitol of Egypt. He was supposedly the founder of all creation. God of artisans and artists, designers, builders, architects, masons, metal workers. Ptah's consort is Sekhmet, goddess of war.
PROJECTDUAT: Harmonic Healing Rods
> God of the sun; sometimes identified or considered synonymous with Atum. The Supreme God. Son of Nut. Pharoahs cliamed descent from him.
His mask - head - was that of a hawk crowned with a solar disk and uraeus.
Ra created man from his tears. At one time Ra became so disgusted with men that he ordered Hathor to kill them all. This Hathor did with such zeal that Ra took pity on men and ordered Hathor to stop. Crazed with blood, Hathor ignored the order, and Ra resorted to chicanery to save humankind. Ra mixed beer with pomegranate juice and left pots of the concoction about the battlefield. Thinking the mixture was blood, Hathor drank it greedily and got too drunk tocarry out her mission.
Ra had 4 children:
NUT (SKY)---SHU---TEFNUT (together the AIR)---GEB (EARTH)
NUT and GEB created 4 children---
ISIS AND OSIRIS created----HORUS
Goddess of war and battles, consort of Ptah. Hathor took Sekhmut's shape when she made war on men. Sekhmut is usually portrayed as a woman with the head of a lioness, sometimes brandishing a knife in an upraised hand.
Red of hair and eyes, pale of skin, Set is the god of evil, of drought, of destruction, thunder and storm. Set tore himself from his mother's womb in his hurry to be born. Every month Set attacks and devours the moon, the sanctuary of Osiris and the gathering place of the souls of the recently dead.
God of the moon, drawing, writing, geometry, wisdom, medicine, music, astronomy, and magic. Scribe of the Gods. His sacred bird was the ibis. He is represented with the head and neck of an ibis and carries a pen, tablet, and palm branch. On his head he wore the combinned lunar disc and crescent
Thoth's name means 'He of Djehut', which was a province in Lower Egypt Thoth's priests claimed Thoth was the Demi-Urge who created everything from sound. It was said that Thoth wrote books in which he set forth a fabulous knowledge of magic and incantation, and then concealed them in a crypt.
Other roles he played: Tehuti (Atlantis) Hermes, Zeus, Quatzecoatyl, Akhnaton, Moses, Zoroaster, Saint Germain, Pharaoh Zoser, Tutmoses, (all verified by other sources), Hathor, I would venture to guess he played most of the characters on this list by multi-dividing himself.
HATSHEPSUT - The Queen who would be King
(Maatkare) B.C. 18th DynastyHatshepsut, the fifth ruler of the 18th Dynasty, was the daughter of Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. As was common in royal families, she married her half-brother, Thutmose II, who had a son, Thutmose III, by a minor wife. When Thutmose II died in 1479 B.C. his son, Thutmose III, was appointed heir. However, Hatshepsut was appointed regent due to the boy's young age. They ruled jointly until 1473 when she declared herself pharaoh.
Dressed in men's attire, Hatshepsut administered affairs of the nation, with the full support of the high priest of Amon, Hapuseneb and other officials. When she built her magnificent temple at Deir el Bahari in Thebes she made reliefs of her divine birth as the daughter of Amon. Hatshepsut disappeared in 1458 B.C. when Thutmose III, wishing to reclaim the throne, led a revolt. Thutmose had her shrines, statues and reliefs mutilated.
Her reign mark was one of the most individual and experimental periods of Egyptian art, shown in the new forms of columns, like the Hathor-headed column, the new building designs, such as El Deir El Bahri temple, and the innovations introduced in the fields of engineering and decorations.
Moreover, the first pictorial account of the legend of the divine birth, and the first example of the induction of the heir before the court, are accredited to her. She also enjoyed the idea of trade with other nations, so she sent ships on trading missions to bring back exotic goods. The trade with "Punt" was again re-opened after a long period of silence. There was a similar flurry of trading activity with Asia, too. The expeditions emphasized her power as well as the power of Egypt.
When Hatshepsut died, her name as pharaoh and her image were erased from every monument in the kingdom. Perhaps it was her claim to be pharaoh and not just queen that was too disturbing to the Egyptians' concept of the divine pharaoh. But Hatshepsut's unique temple, which was built in her honour, remains as a testament to her reign.
The Time - UK - August 11, 1999
An ancient Egyptian temple, hidden for more than three millennia, has risen again on the banks of the Nile. 'The Red Chapel of Hatshepsut', Egypt's only female Pharaoh, has been reconstructed from fragments found concealed within a later gateway.
Three hundred red quartzite blocks from the chapel were found some years ago, when a pylon at Thebes, built by the Pharaoh Amenhotep III in the 14th century BC, was restored. They were recognised as coming from a vanished structure more than a century older, demolished because of its association with Hatshepsut, who was anathematised after her death and all her images and inscriptions mutilated.
Hatshepsut was the daughter of the Pharaoh Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose, and was married to her own half-brother, Tuthmosis II, with whom she reigned for some 14 years until 1504BC. Realising his sister-wife's ambitious nature, Tuthmosis declared his son by the harem girl Isis to be his heir, but when the young Tuthmosis III came to the throne, Hatshepsut became regent and promptly usurped his position as ruler.
Initially content to be shown behind her nephew's throne, she soon began her own programme of monumental construction, most notably the great mortuary temple at Deir al-Bahari, more recently the scene of a notorious massacre of foreign tourists. The Red Chapel was built between 1498 and 1483BC, early in the 18th dynasty which ended nearly two centuries later with Tutankhamun, Ay and Horemheb.
Hatshepsut had herself portrayed in the royal headdress, sometimes as a woman with prominent breasts but more often as male in body as well as costume. Her self-promotion, which extended to a miraculous conception and fictitious coronation in childhood, involved deliberately obscuring the rightful ruler, Tuthmosis III, who was a man by the time he succeeded to unfettered rulership in 1483BC.
Although he subsequently obliterated images of Hatshepsut, new evidence from the Red Chapel suggests that he did not carry out this damnatio memoriae immediately. The chapel, a rectangular building covered with sculptured relief decoration, originally stood in the forecourt of the Temple of Amun at Karnak, according to François Larché, director of the French mission at Luxor. It has now been rebuilt in the Open Air Museum at Karnak.
GODS AND GODDESSES OF ANCIENT EGYPT
THE GODDESSES OF ANCIENT EGYPT Bastet, Isis, Hathor, Ma'at, Nekhebet, Nut, Sekhmet, Tefnut, others
RIVENDELL'S HISTORY PAGE
KINGS AND QUEENS
ANCIENT EGYPT INDEX ANCIENT AND LOST CIVILIZATIONS ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF ALL FILES CRYSTALINKS MAIN PAGE